Writing An Introduction To Think Like A Scientist

Classical piano music for future law students

On a surface of economic events all three forms of a tourist rent act as the uniform size, as the factorial income. It means that the enterprises and firms using relatively the worst tourist resources receive only an absolute tourist rent, i.e. the factorial income of rather small size. Those enterprises and firms which use averages and the best tourist resources, receive an absolute and tourist rent, i.e. the factorial income of bigger size, than in the first case, and what unique tourist resources, receive all three forms of a tourist rent - absolute, differential and exclusive. The factorial income of these tourist is highest. Practical realization of all considered processes of formation of three forms and a tourist rent is carried out via the mechanism of market prices of tourist services.

This principle of the section of a tourist rent between two (and in some cases - between three) subjects - tourism organizations and appropriate authorities - is predetermined also by factors and the reasons of purely economic character. The matter is that process of distribution is not only a consequence of process of a (it is known that it is possible to distribute that and so many that and how many it is created); process of distribution is and a factor of impact on economic activity of the tourist enterprises. Under certain conditions the mechanism of distribution of a tourist rent can become a factor of impact on effective use of resources. More specifically it can be expressed that the tourist rent, first, can and has to become a source of a covering of costs of negative effects which are caused by tourism development, secondly, can and has to become a source of development of the industry and tourist infrastructure.

Taking into account told above "a bunch it is right" property between authorities (federal, republican and municipal), on the one hand, and by tourist, on the other hand, it can be divided in a way.

In drawing alphabetic symbols mean: Q - quantity of tourist resources in the market of tourist services; Q1 - ­ unique tourist resources which offer not elastically is also single; Q2 - quantity of the best resources which offer not elastically, but is not single; Qz - quantity of average tourist resources which is characterized by low elasticity and on which there can be substitutes; Q4 - quantity the worst tourist resources which offer by low elasticity and on which there are substitutes; S1, S2, Sz and S4 - curves of offers in the market of services according to unique, the best, average and worst tourist resources; D - a curve of demand for resources as a result of demand for tourist services; R - this or that form of a tourist rent; R1 - a of an exclusive tourist rent in the conditions of market balance; R2 - size differential tourist rennets, formed when using of the best resources on quality in the conditions of market balance; Rz - a of the differential tourist rent which is formed when using averages on quality of tourist resources in the conditions of market balance; R4 - the size of an absolute rent in the conditions of market balance.

The first aspect of this system characterizes the material and material maintenance of property, the second - the, concrete carrier of assignment, the third the, the fourth aspect - social and economic the assignment relations a form of life and existence of the relations.

The market of tourist services faces so-called outer effects (eksternaliya). Outer effects represent costs and benefits which are inevitably connected with production, realization and consumption of services, however each participant of the tourist market seeks to shift these costs for others, and to appropriate benefits. Also such situation when costs are incurred by the legal entities and individuals who are directly not participants of the market transaction is real, and benefits are by sellers of tourist services. Direct of the market of tourist services - the seller (a tourist ) and buyers (tourists, travelers). Their find expression in the tourist's product price in which, however, a number of the expenses which are really taking place and connected with activity of tourism organizations is not reflected. A typical example of such expenses and at the same time important element of outer effects is pollution of water, air, environment. In this case the actual accounting costs of tourism organizations, in the price of a tourist's product, appear below full costs which are incurred really by society taking into account outer effects.